In this study, magnesium oxide biochar-chitosan composite (MgO-BCR-W) prepared through modification with MgCl2 and chitosan was investigated as an adsorbent for the removal of Cd from the aquatic and soil environment. Kinetic and thermodynamics revealed that the Cd(II) adsorption onto MgO-BCR-W was well fitted by pseudo-second-order and the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The adsorption capacities of rice husk biochar (BCR) and MgO-BCR-W for Cd(II) reached 11.09 mg/g and 59.66 mg/g, respectively. Attractively, the computed values of RL ranged between 0 and 1, suggesting that the adsorption of Cd(II) onto MgO-BCR-W is favourable. Characterisations of the adsorbents revealed that the synergistic effect of surface complexation and precipitation mechanisms played a major role in the removal of Cd. In soil incubation experiment, the addition of MgO-BCR-W at the level of 2% was most effective in Cd stabilization compared to the control, which reduced the content of bioavailable Cd by 22.32%. Furthermore, it reduced the acid extractable Cd by 24.77%, while increased the residual Cd content by 22.24%. The results demonstrated that MgO-BCR-W could be used as an effective and eco-friendly adsorbent for Cd remediation in both water and soil environment.
Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.